A - Z Glossary

A · B · C · D · E · F · G · H · I · J · K · L · M · N · O · P · Q · R · S · T · U · V · W · X · Y · Z



  A (vitamin)
Alpha-Lipoic Acid
Aloe Vera

A (vitamin)
Category: micronutrient
In the1920s, Elmer Vernon McCollum (University of Wisconsin) identified a substance in the fat soluble portion of cow’s milk which they called vitamin A – purely because it was the first vitamin that was identified.

Vitamin A maintains healthy skin, respiratory membranes, digestive and urinary tracts, and good vision. Vitamin A also fights bacteria and infection and aids in bone and teeth formation.

Deficiency symptoms include night blindness, loss of appetite, increased susceptibility to infection, depression, brittle nails, fatigue, insomnia, and dry, rough, scaly skin,

>> More info on Vitamin A - the 'eye vitamin'

Category: plant / herb
Scientific name: Medicago Sativa
Alfalfa is a good laxative and natural diuretic (ie. promotes urination). It is often used to treat urinary tract infections (but the best treatment for UTI is cranberry juice). Alfalfa is also an appetite stimulant and general tonic.

Alfalfa is believed to stimulate weight loss. Alfalfa leaves may prevent heart disease, strokes, cancer, and reduce blood cholesterol.

Contraindications: Never take when pregnant. Large doses of alfalfa supplementation may cause miscarriage.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid
A universal antioxidant for energy production, blood sugar regulation and the maintenance of a healthy neural system. Also helps to reduce the complications associated with diabetes (such as pain and numbness).

Alpha-Lipoic Acid has the ability to neutralize many different types of free-radicals. Alpha-Lipoic Acid also provides a broad spectrum support to the body’s antioxidant network.

Aloe Vera
Category: plant / herb

The aloe vera leaves contain a clear gel that is excellent for treating burns, scalds, sunburn, abrasions, skin injuries and is used widely in cosmetic products. Taken internally, is a mild laxative.

>> More info on Aloe Vera: Health benefits, nutrient value, usage and dosage ...

Category: plant / herb
Protects and support liver and bile health. May help to reduce fat and cholesterol levels. Natural diuretic. Helpful for diabetics. Good source of vitamin C, magnesium, and potassium.

>> More info on Artichoke: Health benefits, nutrient value, ..




Category: Nutrient / health enhancer
Antioxidants are substances in our food (including many vitamins and minerals) that help the body defend against harmful effects (oxidative stress) caused by free radicals (by-products of the body’s natural oxidation process). Free radicals can also come from our environment (cigarette smoke, pollution, radiowaves, sun rays, x-rays, contamination, pesticide, food additives .. etc).

Oxidative stress occurs when incomplete free radical molecules (ie. molecules that are missing an electron) grab a hydrogen ion from a nearby molecule, which in turn grabs an ion from another structure, setting off a chain reaction that leads to tissue damage. It has been shown that this tissue damage if left unchecked will lead to more serious diseases (ie. cancer and heart diseases). 80% of cancer and heart diseases has been attributed to free radical or oxidative stress damage.

Nature has not left us defenseless against free radical attack. Antioxidants are substances that will “sacrifice” their ions to the free radicals thus defending our bodies against oxidative stress.

Studies have shown that people who eat antioxidant-rich foods and people who take antioxidant supplements, are less prone to oxidative stress induced diseases (eg. heart disease, stoke, cataracts, cancer).

Major antioxidants: vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenes, flavanoids, phytochemicals.



Category: Fruit

Benefits: lowers blood cholesterol levels, helps constipation and diarrhea, traditional aid for joint problems, support general resistance to illness.

>> More: Apples - detoxifies lead, lowers cholesterol, prevents constipation


Arginine is an amino acid and has an important role to play in wound healing, immunity functions, detoxification reactions, and the promotion of production of insulin and growth hormones.

Recent scientific interest has been to arginine's role in the formation of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is important in determining the tone of blood vessels. It exerts a relaxing effect on blood vessels resulting in imprved blood flow. Our bodies normally can produce sufficient arginine, but during instances when our bodies cannot produce enough, supplementation is required.

Arginine supplementation has been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases: angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, peripheral vascular insufficiency (decreased blood flow to the arms or legs).

Arginine supplementation increases nitric oxide levels, which improves blood flow, reduces blood clot formation, and improves blood fluidity. The level of improvement can be quite significant.

A natural source of arginine is nuts.

Category: Ailment
One of the most common health problems, often striking the elderly. Although cases involving people in their 20s and 30s are not uncommon. Arthritis has many different forms causing different patterns of pain and swelling in the joints. Arthritis can be categorized into two main types ...

>> More info on arthritis ...



I regularly update the contents or/and add new pages to my website. Please enter contact info so that I can notify you of new additions. Your email address will never be sold, rented or given to a 3rd party.


First name

Last name

E-mail address


  (Last update: 15 Feb 2008)    
Copyright © 2008 -2010 Nutrition-Info.com All Rights Reserved
This website is best viewed in 800 x 600 resolution
with Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator 4.0
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Contact Us | Links